Fabrics

LOOK & PERFORMANCE
Satins and Jacquards Usually the most formal and traditional, they are generally made from tightly woven, heavy, soft material, which hangs straight from top to bottom in (formal) folds.
   
Casements,
Open Weaves
These have a lighter, more casual feel. They are usually made from loosely woven, textured yarns that hang in looser folds than the formal satins and Jacquards.
   
Sheers Made of soft, see-through fabrics, sheers are appropriate in most decors. Light and airy, they are sometimes used in combination with heavier draperies in more formal settings. They are billowy unless weighted, and can be made to drape quite well.
   
Prints Suitable in most decors, prints are made from a light, tightly woven fabric, usually cotton or cotton-polyester blends.
   
Drapery Linings Linings add substantially to the luxurious appearance necessary
for good window treatments, and also provide a
fuller pleated look for maintaining a soft drapable
hand.The lined-look provides uniformity to the exterior
appearance of a home while allowing a broad choice
of textures, weaves, colors and patterns for the
interior.The combination of sunlight and air pollution will
eventually take its toll on all colors. There is
no such thing as an absolutely colorfast material
or dye. Some colors, however will show fading more
dramatically than others. Bright colors tend to
show fading more than subdued tones, and solids
before prints.Linings help draperies last longer. They afford
some protection against sun and fading. They also
protect the draperies from water stains – either
from condensation on the inside of the window or
from a sudden shower.Insulated linings contribute to energy conservation,
keeping homes cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
   
TEXTILE FIBERS & THEIR PROPERTIESNATURAL FIBERS
Cotton Drapability: Excellent
hang, soft hand
Color fastness: Good, vat dyes best
Sun resistance: Excellent, does not sun rot
Abrasion resistance: Excellent
Sagging:  Does not stretch, except when wet 
Resiliency:  Poor, packs easily, wrinkles easily, very
absorbent, burns
Care: Wash or dry clean and iron at high temperature,
Cotton generally wears excellently in drapery
(print or plains).
     
Linen or flax Drapability: Good
hang, but not as soft as cotton
  Color fastness: Good to poor, prints do not hold their color
as well as plain fabrics
 
  Sun resistance: Excellent, does not sun rot
  Abrasion resistance: Excellent
  Sagging:  Strong, does not stretch
  Resiliency:  Poor, packs badly, does wrinkle
  Care:   Dry clean and iron at high temperature Linens
are excellent in plain and case
     
Silk
Drapability: Good
hang, medium to soft hand
Color fastness: Good
Sun resistance: Poor, rots in short time, lining helps
Abrasion resistance: Good
Sagging:  Strong, does not sag
Resiliency:  Good, does not pack badly
Care:   Dry clean and iron at medium temperature. Little
silk is used in drapery today. This is due
to sun rot and cost.
   
Wool  There is virtually none used in drapery fabric.
   

TEXTILE FIBERS & THEIR PROPERTIESMAN-MADE
 Rayon
Drapability: Good
hang, soft hand
Color fastness: Good to excellent (solution dyed)
Sun resistance: Good, but not as good as cotton or linen
Abrasion resistance: Good, but not as good as nylon or cotton
Sagging: Poor, stretches in loose yarns, but OK in
tight woven fabrics
Resiliency: Good, does not pack, wrinkles less than cotton
or linen
Care: Dry clean and iron at medium temperature.
Rayon is blended with other fibers: cotton,
acetate and linen.
 
 Acetate Drapability: Good
hand, soft hand
  Color fastness: Good (solution dyed)
  Sun resistance: Good, not as good as cotton and Iinen
  Abrasion resistance: Good, but not as good as cotton or nylon
  Sagging: Poor stretches in loose yarns, but OK in
tight woven fabrics
  Resiliency: Good, does not pack, wrinkles less than cotton
or linen
  Care: Dry clean and iron at low temperature. Blends
well with other fibers, rayon and nylon.
 
 Polyester Drapability: Excellent
hang, very soft hand
  Color fastness: Good to excellent
  Sun resistance: Excellent
  Abrasion resistance: Good, sheers must be handled with care. Fabric
can be bruised.
  Sagging: Excellent, does not stretch or shrink
  Resiliency: Good to excellent. Does not pack, and wrinkle
free
  Care: Wash or dry clean and iron at low temperature.
Polyester is an excellent fabric for most
drapery applications. It blends well with
other fibers. In polyester cotton blends,
cotton wrinkles less.
   
Nylon Drapability: Good,
soft to stiff hand, not as soft as polyesters
  Color fastness: Good to excellent
  Sun resistance: Poor
  Abrasion resistance: Excellent
  Sagging: Excellent, does not sag
  Resiliency: Excellent, does not pack, wrinkle free
  Care: Dry clean and iron at low temperature. Nylon
is not widely used in drapery fabric.
 
Acrylic Drapability: Excellent, very soft hand
  Color fastness: Excellent, if solution dyed
  Sun resistance: Excellent, good as cotton or linen
  Abrasion resistance: Good
  Sagging: Very good, does not stretch
  Resiliency: Very good, does not pack and wrinkle free
  Care: Dry clean and iron at low temperature 50′. Acrylic fabrics hang well and do not sag. Can be blended with polyester. Modacrylics are flameproof.
 
 
Dynel Drapability: Excellent,
soft hand likes acrylic
  Color fastness: Excellent
  Sun resistance: Good to excellent 
  Abrasion resistance: Excellent
  Sagging:  Excellent compared to rayon or acetate 
  Resiliency:  Very good, does not pack, wrinkle free, low
flammability
  Care:   Wash only, ironing does not affect it much,
use low heat

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